Frederick County transitioned from the County Commissioner form of government to the County Charter form of government on December 1, 2014. Under Charter Government, there is an Executive Branch with a County Executive and a Legislative Branch with a County Council.
For many years, all five County Commissioners were elected in at-large elections by all county voters. Under the new Charter Government, the County Executive and only two of the County Council members are elected at-large.The seven-member County Council consists of five members elected by district and two elected at-large. Council members have the power to initiate legislation. Legislative sessions are limited to 45 days yearly and non-legislative sessions as needed.