Mail-in Voting

Information and Instructions for the 2024 Elections

Important Note: The law requires the board of elections to refer to absentee ballots as "mail-in ballots" and absentee voting as "mail-in voting." Please note that this change in terminology does NOT change the process of mail-in voting.

Who can vote by mail? 

Any registered voter may vote by mail-in ballot. You don't need a reason to vote by mail-in ballot. It's another way to vote if you don't want to or can't go to an early voting center or your polling place.

mailin envelopes

How do I request a mail-in ballot?

There are three ways you can request a mail-in ballot

Mail-in Voting

2024 Presidential Primary Election
  • If you want to receive your ballot by mail or fax, your request must be received (not just mailed) by Tuesday, May 7, 2024.
  • If you want to receive your ballot via the Internet*, we must receive your request by mail, no later than 5 PM on Friday May 10, 2024. If you send your request via fax, or submit it online, we must receive the request by 11:59 PM on Friday, May 10, 2024.
  • If you hand deliver your request and the ballots are ready, you can pick up your mail-in ballot. You may take your mail-in ballot with you and return it by mail or give it to an election official. The deadline to request a mail-in ballot in person is election day, May 14, 2024.
  • If you miss the deadlines to receive your ballot by mail, fax, or via the internet, but still want to vote by mail-in ballot, you or your agent must apply in person at our office. 

* Please note that a ballot received via the internet must still be returned by hand, by mail, or dropped at a ballot drop off box.


Under the federal Uniformed and Overseas Citizens mail-in Voting Act, military voters and voters who live outside the U.S. can vote by mail-in ballot. If you are a military voter or live outside of the U.S., learn more about mail-in voting.

Permanent Mail-in Ballot List

If you always want to get and vote a mail-in ballot, you can sign up for the permanent mail-in ballot list. Once you are on this list, we will send you your mail-in ballot for each future election you are eligible to vote in. You won't have to submit a request for each election. If you want to vote in-person during early voting or on election day, please don’t sign up for this. If you are on the permanent mail-in voting list and choose to vote in person, you will be required to vote a provisional ballot.

How will I receive my mail-in ballot?

You decide how you want to receive your ballot. You can receive it:

By mail. We can send it to your home or where you’ll be when ballots are mailed about 30-45 days before an election

Via a link in an email. We’ll send you an email about 30-45 days before the election with a link to your ballot. You need a printer for this option since you’ll need to return your printed ballot by mail, at a drop box or at your local board of elections.

You pick how you want to receive your ballot on the request form.

scanning unit

How do I return my voted ballot?

You must mail or hand deliver your voted ballot. You cannot submit your voted ballot online, by email or fax. Use the envelope provided with your ballot.

You can:

  • Mail your ballot. We recommend that you mail your ballot as soon as you have voted it. It must be postmarked on or before primary election day (May 14, 2024). Your voted ballot must be received by 10 am on May 24, 2024. 
  • Take your ballot to a ballot drop box. When you receive your ballot, you will also receive a list of the ballot drop box locations in the county. 
  • Hand deliver your ballot. You must deliver it by 8 pm on election day, or you may take it to an early voting center, or a ballot drop off box by the time the polls close. 
  • If you have specific questions, please contact us via email, or call us at 301-600-8683. Or you may contact the State Board of Elections via email, or call 800-222-8683.

How do I know if my request for a ballot was received and processed?

Visit the voter look-up website to verify if we received your request for a ballot and the status of your mail-in ballot.

Voter Look Up Tool

You can use this tool to:

  • Review your voter registration record.
  • Request a duplicate voter registration card.
  • Find out where to vote.
  • Find out your voting districts.
  • Find out your local board of elections.
  • See the status of your mail-in or provisional ballot.
  • View your sample ballot.


What should I do if...

  • ...I haven't received my ballot? Ballots are typically mailed or available for download about 3 weeks before an election. If you requested a ballot but have not received it, and have verified on the voter look-up website that your ballot has been sent, wait a few days. Your ballot may be in transit. If the election is one week away and you haven't received your ballot, please contact us so we can help you. 
  • ...My ballot is damaged or I made a mistake on my ballot? If you received your ballot by mail or fax, contact us, and request a replacement ballot. If you downloaded your ballot, log back into the website. If you made your selections in the system, make your selections again and print the ballot. (We do not save your marked ballot, so you must make your selections again.) If you printed a blank ballot and marked your ballot by hand, print another ballot and mark the ballot.